‘Setting the contract aside’ – Shanghai, 22 August (brief review)

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A rather numerous MEPLI delegation attended the workshop “Setting the Contract Aside: Comparative Perspectives”, taking place at the East China University of Politics and Law on Friday 22 August. The workshop focused on mapping the different remedies that are available in contracts challenged by defects of consent in various jurisdictions, both European and Chinese, and it was designed to encourage comparative discussions.

The list of presentations: Xuxu He – Avoidance for mistake and misrepresentation; Catalina Goanta – Unfair contract terms in European private law; Jiangqiu Ge – Undue influence in China; William Bull – Undue influence in European law; Keke Jin – Legal Capacity in Chinese law; Jan Smits – Avoidance for legal incapacity; Wenjie Zhao – The right of withdrawal and its problems in China; Mark Kawakami – On withdrawal rights; Willem Loof – The termination paradox. Some interesting points drawn from the discussions: the proximity of Chinese private law to German law leading to similarities with European jurisdictions; the question of whether mandatory consumer rights are necessary in Europe and China; the English underpinnings of some Chinese defects of consent (e.g. misrepresentation, undue influence, etc.).

The conclusion, in the words of Jan Smits: “Perhaps we have more in common than we thought – the Chinese and the European approaches seem to be very similar.”

More photos from the event are available on MEPLI’s Facebook page.

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Setting the Contract Aside: Comparative Perspectives – Shanghai, 22 August 2014

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Setting the Contract Aside: Comparative Perspectives

The aim of this workshop is to take stock of the different ways in which a contract can be set aside. Different legal doctrines exist to help a ‘disappointed’ party. These doctrines range from the age-old mistake and misrepresentation and incapacity to newer techniques such as avoidance for undue influence and withdrawal rights. The topic has regained importance as a result of the recent enactment of the new Chinese Consumer Code (in China) and the consolidation of consumer rights in the new Consumer rights directive (in Europe). On the background is the lingering tension between contractual autonomy and protection of a supposedly weaker party. At this one-day workshop, colleagues from both China and Europe will discuss present developments. Each session consists of 20 minutes per speaker, followed by 20 minutes of discussion.

The workshop is organised by the Maastricht European Private Law Institute (M-EPLI) in cooperation with East China University of Politics and Law (ECUPL).

(Shanghai, Friday 22 August 2014; No. 4 Conference Room, Jiaoyi Building; No. 1575, Wanhangdu Road, East China University of Politics and Law)

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200 Years Savigny and Thibaut: The Codification Debate Revisited (MEPLI Round Table, 10 October 2014)

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2014 marks the 200th anniversary of the famous debate between Von Savigny and Thibaut about the need for and feasibility of private law codification. This debate has made a lasting contribution to our thinking about the sources of private law and still shapes present-day discussions about European private law. Thibault gave three main reasons in favour of codification: to facilitate the market by way of unification of law, to promote the transparency of the legal material, and to adjust the law to the ‘modern times.’ All three motives seem to have a universal value: they were not only relevant in 19th century Germany, but still shape today’s private law in whichever part of the world – just as Von Savigny’s rebuttal of these arguments seems just as relevant today as it was then.

This Round Table revisits the Savigny-Thibaut controversy and links it to current views about how the legal materials are best organised. The main issues that were on the table 200 years ago will be discussed by legal historians, experts in modern law and colleagues in related areas. In each of the four sessions, both a historical and a modern perspective will be provided.

The Round Table is organised by the Maastricht European Private Law Institute (MEPLI) at Maastricht University in cooperation with the Molengraaff Institute of Private Law at Utrecht University.

More information on the location of the Round Table as well as the registration procedure will follow soon.

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Thoughts on the Euro-Mortgage project in the 21st Century (Conference Buying and Owning Property in Europe – Trier 16 and 17 June 2014)

On Monday 16 and Tuesday 17 I participated in the ERA conference on Buying and Owning Property in Europe in Trier. I spoke there on the next steps to take and the possibility of reintroducing the idea of a Euro-Mortgage.

Since 1966, when the Segré Commission reported on the Development of a European Capital Market and introduced the idea of a pan-European right of hypothec, now known as Euro-Hypothec or Euro-Mortgage, especially the academic world has been intrigued by this idea. In a single market, it would be very helpful if EU citizens, who all have the right to establish themselves throughout that single market, would be able to make use of a common European immovable property security right to assist the financing of acquisition of property.

In reality, Eurostat statistics show, there is an increasing number of EU citizens that reside in another country (about 2,5% of EU citizens), and even more citizens that own immovable property in other Member States (no statistics are available on this at the EU level as some Member States do not gather this data). In fact, banks frequently finance the acquisition of land in other Member States. There are generally four scenario’s for such an acquisition:

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On codification in the 21st century and contractual terrorism

 

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Jan Smits and I recently attended a conference (‘Reforms regarding the consolidation of the rule of law in European countries’, 5-6 June 2014) at the ‘Lucian Blaga’ University of Sibiu, having been invited there by one of MEPLI’s visiting researchers we were happy to host in Maastricht last year, Sebastian Spinei. The conference was organized under the umbrella of the Association of Latin Law Faculties (link in Romanian) and brought together a wide array of specialists from Italy (Elena Ioriatti – Universita di Giurisprudenza di Trento), France (Guillaume Le Floch – Université  de Rennes), Spain (Maria Salas Porras, Juan José Hinojosa Torralvo, Antonio Márquez Prieto, Rocio Caro Gandara – Universidad de Málaga), Germany (Francisca Sanchez del Hierro, Arnold Rainer – University of Regensburg), the Czech Republic (Pavel Klima – University of Prague) and of course Romania (e.g. Cãlina Jugastru, Ioan Leş, Sebastian Spinei – ‘Lucian Blaga’ University of Sibiu; other universities were also represented).

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A Call to Academic Activism: Notes from Menno Kamminga’s Farewell Seminar on Business & Human Rights

 

Christopher Avery, the Founding Director of the Business and Human Rights Resource Centre gave a heartwarming tribute to Menno Kamminga – whose celebrated tenure here at Maastricht University is nearing its end – during the seminar on “Activism and Scholarship in International Law”.[1] While discussing the “business and human rights” aspect of international law during the event, which also served as a farewell seminar for Kamminga, Avery highlighted four major challenges that we should all be aware of when discussing business and human rights:

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